Review: John Quincy Adams by Harlow Giles Unger

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He fought for Washington, served with Lincoln, witnessed Bunker Hill, and sounded the clarion against slavery on the eve of the Civil War. He negotiated an end to the War of 1812, engineered the annexation of Florida, and won the Supreme Court decision that freed the African captives of The Amistad. He served his nation as minister to six countries, secretary of state, senator, congressman, and president.

John Quincy Adams was all of these things and more. In this masterful biography, award winning author Harlow Giles Unger reveals Quincy Adams as a towering figure in the nation’s formative years and one of the most courageous figures in American history, which is why he ranked first in John F. Kennedy’s Pulitzer Prize-winning Profiles in Courage.

Considered to be a failure as a president, John Quincy Adams is a figure who not only suffered multiple political failures (such as the presidency), but found a way to persevere in spite of them and ultimately become a truly monumental champion of free speech, abolition, and protecting the rights of citizens. Now more than ever Adams’ example should shine as a beacon of someone who first and foremost saw himself as a defender of the right to speak out against things seen as a wrong or unfair. Adams became a formidable orator and in spite of constant opposition in Congress demanded his voice be heard saying things those in power did not want to hear, but needed to.

Raised by his ambitious parents to be a politician who would be able to protect and defend the legal and political side of his newly founded country, Adams was able to smooth the way for the fledgling nation with his diplomatic skills. Finding himself out of touch with the common man after becoming president, he eventually became the most fierce fighter for every man’s right to free speech. Not without his flaws, Adams could also be harsh and was plagued with many personal tragedies revolving around his family, from the young death of beloved family members, including a daughter, to the disease of alcoholism that claimed his brothers and sons. Adams was a pioneer in pushing the young nation to establish better education and centers for learning. Mocked for his devotion to knowledge, the Smithsonian Institute was founded under his watch. Determined to speak for what he believed rather than party politics, Adams alienated people and made many enemies, but on his death was almost universally admired for his wisdom and virtue. Unger gives a highly readable glimpse of a man that many have forgotten to some degree.

5 out of 5

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